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论文信息：Revealing differentially expressed genes and identifying effector proteins of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in response to high-temperature seedling plant resistance of wheat based on transcriptome sequencing. Tao Fei#, Hu Yangshan#, Su Chang, Li Juan, Guo Lili, Xu Xiangming, Chen Xianming, Shang Hongsheng, Hu Xiaoping*. mSphere .2020, 5: e00096-20.
JCR 分区Q1 ，中科院大类2区-生物类，，IF= 4.447
论文摘要： Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most important diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) globally. Recently, more ag-gressive Pst races have evolved to acquire new virulence profiles and are adapted better to high temperature than most of the previous races. Breeding cultivars with durable high-temperature seedling-plant (HTSP) resistance is an important strategy for controlling stripe rust. Understanding the mechanism of wheat HTSP resistance against Pst is important for more efficient breeding to improve host resistance. In the present study, transcriptomic analysis identified 25 Pst differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that were involved in the HTSP resistance in wheat cultivar Xiaoyan6 (XY6). Functional annotation indicated that these DEGs are related to membrane proteins, mRNA binding proteins, cell membrane transporters, and synthesis of cell nitrogen compounds. Among these DEGs, a candidate effector, PstCEP1 (PSTG_13342), was identified and cloned, and its function was verified. Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV)-mediated host-induced gene silencing (HIGS) of PstCEP1 reduced Pst virulence. Signal peptide verification and functional testing in Nicotiana benthamiana indicated that PstCEP1 is a secreted protein and has the function of suppressing programmed cell death (PCD). PstCEP1 as a candidate effector was further supported by type three secretion system (TTSS)-mediated overexpression responding to wheat HTSP resistance via affecting the pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI).