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?????? 论文信息：Pei Xiao-Jin, Bai Yu, Qiao Jian-Wen, Li Sheng, Fan Yong-Liang*, Tong-Xian Liu*.??BgFas1: A fatty acid synthase gene required for both hydrocarbon and cuticular fatty acid biosynthesis in the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.)。Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology， 112 (2019) 103203。
? ? ? ? JCR分区Q1 ，中科院农业综合二区，IF=3.618
??????? 论文摘要：Insect cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), the evolutionary products of aquatic hexapod ancestors expanding toterrestrial environment, are deposited on the surface of insect integument and originally functioned primarily aswaterproofing agents. CHCs are derived from the conserved fatty acid synthesis pathway in insects. However, the pivotal fatty acid synthase (FAS) involved in hydrocarbon (HC) biosynthesis remains unknown in many insect orders including the primitive Blattodea. Here, we investigated functional FAS genes that modulate cuticular lipid biogenesis in the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.). Based on our full-length transcriptomic data and the available genomic data, seven FAS genes (BgFas1–7) were identified from B. germanica. Tissue-specific expression analysis revealed that BgFas1, BgFas3, BgFas4 and BgFas7 were highly expressed in the integument, whereas BgFas2 was dominantly expressed in the fat body. BgFas5/6 mRNA was almost negligible in the tested tissues. Systemic RNAi screen was performed against BgFas1–7, we found that only RNAi knockdown of BgFas1?caused a dramatic reduction of methyl-branched HCs (mbHCs) and a slight decrease of straight-chain HCs (scHCs) for both internal and external HCs. Significant reduction of cuticular free fatty acids (cFFAs) was also detected within BgFas1-repressed cockroaches, while repression of CYP4G19 resulted in dramatic increase of cFFAs. Moreover, we found that BgFas1 mRNA levels were correlated with insect molting cycles, and could be induced by long-term mild dryness treatment. Furthermore, desiccation assay revealed that BgFas1 suppression accelerated water loss and led to early death of cockroaches under desiccation. Our results indicate that BgFas1 is necessary for both HC and cFFA biosynthesis in B. germanica. In addition, our study also confirms that cuticular lipids, particularly mbCHCs, are critical for desiccation resistance in B. germanica.