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Population genetic analysis of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici suggests two distinct populations in Tibet and the other regions of China

作者:   来源:   发布日期:2017-04-06  浏览次数:

论文信息:Xiaoping Hu & Lijie Ma&Taiguo Liu, Conghao Wang, Yuelin Peng, Qiong Pu, Xiangming Xu, Population genetic analysis of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici suggests two distinct populations in Tibet and the other regions of China. Plant Disease, 2017, 101(2): 288-296

JCR1区,IF=3.192

论文正文:Wheat stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is an important disease on wheat, seriously threatening wheat production worldwide. China is one of the largest stripe rust epidemic regions in the world. The pathogen sexual reproduction and migration routes between Tibet and the other regions in China are still unknown. In this study, we obtained 961 Pst isolates from 1,391 wheat leaf samples from Gansu (277), Shaanxi (253), Sichuan (172), and Tibet (259), comprising 13 natural populations, and genotyped them with simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. The isolates can be divided into two distinct clusters based on DAPC and STRUCTURE analyses. The genetic diversity of Longnan (in Gansu) and Yibin (in Sichuan) populations was the highest and lowest among the 13 populations, respectively. The hypothesis ofmultilocus linkage disequilibrium was rejected for the populations from Linzhi in the Himalayan, Longnan, Hanzhong, Guangyuan, Mianyang, Liangshan, and Chendu in the south Qinling Mountains at the level of P = 0.01, which indicated significant linkage among markers in these populations. Populations in the other regions had extensive gene exchange (Nm > 4); little gene exchange was found between Tibet and the other regions (Nm < 1). The results suggest that the Tibet epidemic region of Pst is highly differentiated from the other epidemic regions in China.

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